Read the prescription label before taking Wellbutrin XL. This article will give you answers to most frequently asked questions about Wellbutrin tablets. The article does not contain absolutely full product information.
Taking medications without consulting with your doctor may have unpleasant consequences. Your doctor should carefully weigh the risks and benefits of treatment with Wellbutrin and make the right decision for you.
If you have any questions about taking the medication, you should consult with a medical specialist or pharmacist.
What is Wellbutrin XL?
The active ingredient of Wellbutrin is bupropion hydrochloride. Its mechanism of action is completely unknown, but it is believed to interact with chemicals such as norepinephrine (noradrenaline), dopamine, and acts directly on a human brain.
Bupropion belongs to a class of antidepressants used as a drug to treat nicotine addiction. The substance is a selective norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitor.
Bupropion was synthesized in 1969 patented in the US. The drug was initially used as an antidepressant but is soon proved to have high efficiency to treat nicotine addiction. The convulsive drug significantly reduces the activity of the brain, but the use of right dosages does not lead to side effects development. A distinctive feature of this chemical compound is that it does not lead to weight gain and sexual functions disorders.
You must have a prescription to buy Wellbutrin XL. However, you can order generic Wellbutrin online without prescription.
The drug is intended for a short-term treatment of tobacco addiction under medical supervision. For most people, Wellbutrin reduces the severity of withdrawal symptoms and the urge to smoke.
Wellbutrin XL may also be prescribed for other reasons not listed in this article. Consult with your doctor, if you have any questions about the purpose of the drug. Wellbutrin XL does not cause addiction.
You have to express a strong desire to quit smoking before you start taking Wellbutrin.
It will be easier to quit smoking if you have an appropriate support from people close to you. You can tell your family, friends, and colleagues, that you are going to quit smoking, and you need their help and support.
Avoid taking Wellbutrin in case of:
- You have ever had an allergic reaction to Wellbutrin, bupropion hydrochloride or any other ingredients of the drug.
- You may experience moderate to severe allergic reaction with the following symptoms: short breath, swelling of the lips or mouth, difficulty breathing, fever (allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis), urticaria (itchy rash), or weakness and dizziness. Allergic reactions can last for a long time. Talk to your doctor about managing symptoms of allergy or termination of treatment.
- You suffer from any form of epilepsy or have ever had a seizure (convulsion or paroxysm).
- You generally abuse alcohol, but decided to quit, or are planning to do so because of Wellbutrin XL intake.
- You suddenly stop taking tranquilizers (psychotropic drugs sedative action) or plan to do so because of Wellbutrin intake.
- You have a brain tumor.
- You suffered from an eating disorder (for example, bulimia or anorexia).
- You are taking or have taken drugs such as monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO) within last 14 days.
- You are pregnant or plan to become pregnant; you are breastfeeding, except if your doctor recommends taking Wellbutrin XL.
In the case of pregnancy or breastfeeding, your doctor has to discuss with you all possible risks and potential benefits of taking Wellbutrin XL pills.
Some people tend to get depressed when they are attempting to quit smoking; sometimes they may think about suicide, or even try to do it. These symptoms have also been observed in people during nicotine addiction treatment. Bupropion, an active component of Wellbutrin, is also used to treat depression.
People taking antidepressants sometimes think of self-harm or suicide. Suicidal thoughts are especially common for early stages of treatment, according to the results of numerous studies.
If you have depression or suicidal thoughts during treatment, seek professional help as soon as possible.
If you are not sure whether you should take Wellbutrin XL, consult your healthcare provider about your particular treatment. Tell your doctor about the following before taking the drug:
- You have allergies to foods, substances or any other medicines.
- You take St. John's wort medications.
- You are taking medicines for appetite regulation.
- You have ever had a head injury.
- You have kidney or liver disease.
- You suffer from any mental disorder, such as bipolar disorder (also known as manic-depressive disorder).
- You have diabetes.
- You had a seizure (paroxysm) during the previous course of Wellbutrin treatment.
- You are taking drugs (sedatives) to reduce anxiety.
- You are abusing alcohol.
You should avoid drinking alcoholic beverages or use alcohol in low quantities during treatment with Wellbutrin. If you abuse alcohol or suddenly stop drinking while taking Wellbutrin, you increase the risk of seizures. That is why it is important to discuss the use of alcohol with your doctor before you start taking Wellbutrin.
Tell your doctor about any other medications you are taking at the moment (for example, drugs used to treat heart disease, high blood pressure, psychological disorders, cancer, depression, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, muscle relaxants, drugs to prevent heart attacks) including over the counter medication, as well as herbal supplements. Also tell about nicotine chewing gums, patches, tablets and other cigarette substitutes.
Some medications may influence other drugs' mechanism of action. Therefore, it is important not to take medicines that may increase a risk of seizures (paroxysms), for example, antimalarials, tramadol (painkiller), theophylline, used in asthma medicines for appetite control, sedating antihistamines, antibiotics of quinolones class, steroid pills and injections during Wellbutrin XL treatment. Make sure your doctor knows about all medicines you are taking or planning to take.
Your doctor or pharmacist can help you determine whether Wellbutrin interacts with other drugs you are currently taking. Simultaneous intake of Wellbutrin tablets and nicotine substitutes (such as nicotine patches or chewing gum) can lead to increased blood pressure. Your doctor may recommend you to have regular blood pressure checks, which will help determine whether your pressure remains within normal limits.
Wellbutrin is not recommended to be used until 18 years old.
The course of Wellbutrin treatment includes two phases: the first phase consists of 30 tablets, the second - 90 tablets.
The first 30 tablets stage lasts for approximately 14 days. The second 90 tablets phase lasts for approximately 6 weeks.
You should buy Wellbutrin 90 tablets beforehand to avoid breaks between the stages to be able to continue treatment immediately after finishing the previous one. Your doctor will tell you how often and how many Wellbutrin tablets you should take. You will also find this information on the packaging of the drug.
If you experience sleep disorder during treatment, try not to take Wellbutrin before going to bed at night. If you take 2 pills a day, try to take one pill early in the morning, and second in the afternoon. The interval between dosages should be 8 hours.
The first stage of treatment
The first stage requires you to take 30 tablets of the drug for little more than 14 days. Take the drug strictly according to your doctor's prescription. Typically, the recommended dosage is 150 mg (1 tablet) once a day for the first 3 days.
Start taking 150 mg (1 tablet) of Wellbutrin twice a day from the 4th day. The interval between dosages should be at least 8 hours. It is recommended to buy Wellbutrin tablets for the second stages before you finish the first stage, in order to avoid pause in treatment.
The second stage of treatment
You should take 90 tablets of the drug for over 6 weeks during the second stage. Take the drug according to your attending physician instructions. Typically, the recommended dosage is 150 mg (1 tablet) twice a day. The interval between intakes must be at least 8 hours.
Do not increase the dosage by yourself without consulting with your doctor. Taking an increased dosage of the drug can result in a risk of epileptic seizure (hysteria or convulsions). Consult with your doctor about the possibility of taking Wellbutrin, if you have liver disease.
How long should I take Wellbutrin?
Approximately 1 week is required for Wellbutrin to start act on a human body. Thus, you can even quit smoking after one week of treatment. This means that you continue to smoke (smoking and taking Wellbutrin is not dangerous) in the first week of treatment. You set a date when you finish smoking (for example, 10-11 day course) during the second week of treatment.
Most people need at least 7-week course of Wellbutrin treatment. Carefully follow your doctor's instructions. Information about how to take Wellbutrin tablets is also available on a prescription label. If you have any questions about how to take Wellbutrin, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.
Your treatment and simultaneous use of cigarette substitutes (for example, nicotine patches, chewing gums, sprays, inhalers, etc.) should be carried out only under the supervision of your attending physician.
How to take Wellbutrin XL?
Swallow tablets entirely with a glass of water. Do not crush, chew or dissolve tablets - otherwise, the medicine gets into your body too quickly. In this case, you increase the possibility of side effects, including seizure (convulsion or paroxysm).
If you forget to take a pill on time, skip it and continue taking the drug as usual. Do not take an increased dosage make up for a missed one!
If you think you took too much of the drug, immediately seek for emergency medical help and call your doctor, even if there are no obvious signs of discomfort or poisoning.
Recommendations while taking Wellbutrin XL
What you have to do:
- Inform your doctor or pharmacist about all the new medicines you are planning to take during treatment with Wellbutrin
- Inform your doctor, if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while taking the drug.
- Inform your doctor, if you for some reason you did not take Wellbutrin according to your prescription. Otherwise, your physician can suggest that the treatment was ineffective.
- Minimize or avoid alcohol during treatment
What you should avoid doing:
- Do not stop taking the drug or changing its dosage without consulting with your doctor.
- Do not offer this drug to anyone else, even if this person has a similar problem to quit smoking.
- Do not use Wellbutrin to treat other diseases without a doctor's prescription.
You have to be cautious while driving a car or performing any other operations requiring a high rate of mental and physical reactions, as long as you do not know, what effect Wellbutrin has on you.
Like many other drugs, Wellbutrin may cause:
- blurred vision
Wellbutrin XL side effects
Contact your doctor or pharmacist as if you feel bad during treatment with Wellbutrin, even if you do not suspect that your health deterioration may be related to the drug intake.
All medicines can have side effects, including Wellbutrin XL. In most cases, side effects of Wellbutrin are mild and pass away rather fast.
Most common side effects include:
- Sleep disorder
- Dry mouth
- Stomach disorders (nausea and constipation)
If you have any questions, contact your doctor or pharmacist. You should immediately inform your doctor or pharmacist if you experience:
- Fever, fever
- Anorexia (loss of appetite)
- Blurred vision
- Upset of taste perception
- Loss of appetite
- Affective disorders (mood disorder)
- Impaired concentration
- Hostility and aggression
- Feeling restless
- Suicidal thoughts
- Tingling or numbness in extremities
- Reduced memory
- Changes in blood sugar levels
In some cases, there was a sharp rise in blood pressure. If you experience a severe allergic reaction to Wellbutrin, contact your doctor immediately or seek emergency medical help.
Symptoms of allergic reactions can include the following:
- Swollen eyelids, lips, larynx
- Short breath
- Hay fever (allergic rhinitis)
- Loss of consciousness
There is a likelihood of an epileptic seizure in about 1 in 1000 people taking bupropion hydrochloride. The risk of seizures is increased if you:
- Suffer or have ever suffered from any form of epilepsy.
- Suffer or have suffered from eating disorder (anorexia or bulimia).
- Used more Wellbutrin XL than the prescribed dosage.
- Taking any other medications containing bupropion (e.g., antidepressants)
- Experienced head injury.
- Abusing alcohol.
- Suffer from diabetes.
Simultaneous treatment with other drugs may lead to a risk of epileptic seizures. You must tell your doctor about all the medicines you are taking or plan to take during the course of treatment. Strictly follow the doctor prescribed dosage and frequency of using Wellbutrin tablets.
This manual is a partial list of possible side effects. Some people can have other side effects not listed above.
Wellbutrin withdrawal symptoms
Getting rid of smoking habit initiates the development of nicotine withdrawal symptoms. There were numerous reports about it from people, who used to take Wellbutrin to quit smoking. Withdrawal symptoms include:
- Sleep disorder;
- Tremor or sweating;
- A feeling of anxiety or depression (rare thoughts of suicide)
If you feel any changes in mood, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Tell your doctor about any side (unusual) effects that have appeared during the drug intake, including those not specified in this list. Do not worry about this list of negative side effects. Most likely are not going to have any of them.
The drug should be stored in a cool, dry place at room temperature.
Keep away from the reach of children and pets.
The best place to store medicines is a locked wall-mounted cabinet, hanging at a height of not less than 1.5 meters from the floor. Do not store the drug in a bathroom or near a sink.
Do not leave your Wellbutrin tablets in your car or on a windowsill. Heat and moisture can damage the drug. Store tablets in a blister pack until the next intake.
Pharmaceutical companies are not able to diagnose or give medical advice to people. Only qualified medical specialist set your diagnosis and prescribe an appropriate treatment. You can also find general information about your disease and its treatment in books or the Internet.
Reviews of Wellbutrin are based on notes left mainly by people, who are trying to get rid of nicotine addiction. Wellbutrin XL reviews are generally good, although the drug does not help everyone. People experienced little to zero side effects if used the drug according to a prescription.
The drug is also widely used in narcology to treat amphetamine, alcohol and nicotine addiction. The craving for alcohol and drugs gradually disappears during treatment.
People often cancel taking pills in 1-2 weeks after the start of treatment and complain about the lack of its effect. There is an increased risk of suicide and suicidal thoughts in the early stages of treatment, in case of depression.
How much does Wellbutrin cost?
The price of Wellbutrin may be different depending on where are you going to buy it. For example, if you purchase Wellbutrin generic online, you can save some money, because generic drugs are usually cheaper. Additionally, you need a prescription to get the brand drug, but you can buy Wellbutrin generic without prescription online.