What is Prozac?
Prozac is a medication used to treat depression and anxiety. The drug belongs to a group of antidepressants. You can buy Prozac pills (each pill contains 20 mg of active ingredient). The active component of the drug is fluoxetine. You can also buy generic Prozac, which is called Fluoxetine.
Fluoxetine can selectively influence processes of serotonin production. This is one of the main substances, regulating nervous processes in brain and nervous tissue. Another function of fluoxetine is to regulate serotonin vascular tone. Deficiency of serotonin leads to migraine, depression, and anxiety.
The drug reduces the level of anxiety, feeling of tension and fear, helps regain a zest for life. Prozac does not affect cardiovascular system and blood pressure, does not cause drowsiness and lethargy. The therapeutic effect is noted 2 weeks after the start of treatment. Take the drug only under strict medical supervision.
What is Prozac used for?
Prozac is used to treat the following:
- Various types of depression;
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder;
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
The drug is also used in the treatment of alcohol addiction.
Depression is a common psychiatric disorder when people lose interest in life and ability to feel pleasure. The main feelings of depression are melancholy, apathy, lethargy. It is extremely difficult to get out of this state by yourself. Therefore, consider getting medical attention and antidepressant therapy.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an uncontrolled appearance of strange thoughts or fears. In some cases, uncontrollable thoughts may be accompanied by compulsive actions, which you cannot control. For example, a person can not help, but to correct his/her cap on his head every minute, although he or she does not need to do it. This is one of the non-hazardous types of obsessive-compulsive disorder. In more severe cases, a person can shout obscene insults to strangers without any reason.
Sleep disorders often mean insomnia - a condition, in which a person can not fall asleep for a long time, and therefore do not get enough sleep, feeling frustrated and lethargic. These disturbances of natural alternation of periods of sleep and wakefulness may cause serious mental disorders.
Bulimia is a mental disorder associated with uncontrolled absorption of food. This severe disease is connected with a breakdown of the nervous system, and most often requires long-term treatment in a hospital. People suffering from bulimia not only consume food in large quantities during the gluttony attack but also cause a gag reflex in order to empty stomach and eat more.
Anorexia is a mental disorder when a person is obsessed with the idea of losing weight, and therefore he or she refuses to eat. Anorexic people cannot objectively assess their weight. Even in a state of complete exhaustion, they continue to view themselves as fat.
Take Prozac pills by mouth, swallow the whole pill without damaging the shell, washing down with some water. You can take Prozac pills with or without meals. The duration of treatment and your dosage are determined individually by your physician.
Usually, it is recommended to take 20 mg of Prozac a day in case of depression.
In case of bulimia, the daily dosage is 60 mg of Prozac.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder requires taking 20 to 60 mg of Prozac a day.
Women suffering from premenstrual dysphoric disorder should usually take 20mg of Prozac daily.
Depending on a severity of your disease and tolerability to fluoxetine, your daily dosage can be increased up to 80 mg.
You need to adjust your Prozac dosage if you are taking other drugs with similar effect. People with liver function disorders also need lower dosages of Prozac.
Can you overdose on Prozac?
Prozac overdose symptoms include nausea, vomiting, seizures, impaired function of the cardiovascular system (from asymptomatic arrhythmias to heart failure), respiratory function and central nervous system disorders.
Cases of overdose with Prozac very rarely lead to serious and lethal outcomes.
If you experienced symptoms of overdose mentioned above, contact your doctor immediately or seek medical help.
Avoid using Prozac simultaneously with MAO inhibitors and for at least 14 days after discontinuation of treatment with MAO inhibitors. There should be an interval of at least 5 weeks after you stop taking Prozac and start using MAO inhibitors. If you were taking Prozac for a long time and/or in high doses, this interval should be increased. There were reports of serious cases of serotonin syndrome (symptoms that may be similar to the NSA), up to death, among patients previously treated with fluoxetine, who started taking MAO inhibitors in shorter intervals.
Fluoxetine is capable of inhibiting CYP2D6 isozyme. Therefore, treatment with drugs that are metabolized by this system and that have a narrow therapeutic index should be started with smallest possible dosages, in case of simultaneous intake with Prozac.
There can be an increase of phenytoin, carbamazepine, haloperidol, clozapine, diazepam, alprazolam, lithium, imipramine and desipramine concentrations in blood, which may have a toxic effect in some cases. You should adjust dosages of the substances mentioned above and have regular health condition check when using Prozac.
Fluoxetine strongly binds to plasma proteins. Therefore, taking fluoxetine during treatment with other drugs, that strongly binds to plasma proteins, may influence concentrations of both drugs in blood plasma.
Blooding time can be increased in case of simultaneous intake of Prozac and Warfarin. Changes in anticoagulant action (laboratory values and/or clinical signs and symptoms) were intermittent. You should carefully monitor blood coagulation parameters if warfarin is taken in combination with many other drugs, including Prozac.
There were cases of increased seizures duration in people taking Prozac during electroshock therapy.
Prozac and pregnancy
Experimental studies on animals revealed no direct or indirect negative effects of fluoxetine on the development of embryo or fetus. In vitro studies also showed no evidence of mutagenicity and impaired fertility. However, animals reproduction researchers do not always allow to predict similar reaction in people. That is why it is recommended to use Prozac during pregnancy only in cases of extreme necessity.
Prozac and breastfeeding
Fluoxetine penetrates into breast milk. That is why it is highly recommended whether to avoid taking Prozac during breastfeeding or postpone breastfeeding until the end of treatment with Prozac.
Prozac side effects
Most common side effects of Prozac include:
Digestive system: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dysphagia, dyspepsia, taste perversion, idiosyncratic hepatitis.
Central and peripheral nervous system: convulsions, ataxia, myoclonus, tremor, anorexia (up to weight loss), anxiety, accompanied by palpitations, anxiety, nervousness, agitation, dizziness, fatigue, impaired concentration and thinking process, manic reactions, sleep disorders (abnormal dreams, insomnia); blurred vision; disorders of the autonomic nervous system (dry mouth, increased sweating, vasodilation, chills), serotonin syndrome.
Genitourinary system: urinary disorders (including frequent urination), priapism or prolonged erection, sexual dysfunction (decreased libido, delay or absence of ejaculation, lack of orgasm, impotence).
Endocrine system: ADH secretion disorders.
Allergic reactions: itching, skin rash, urticaria, anaphylactic reactions, vasculitis, reaction.
Dermatological reactions: photosensitivity, alopecia.
Prozac withdrawal symptoms
Medical literature describes several cases of severe withdrawal symptoms after abrupt canceling of Fluoxetine. However, various studies have shown that side effects associated with the termination of fluoxetine are rare and usually are rather mild, especially in comparison with paroxetine, venlafaxine, and fluvoxamine. One of the recommended strategies to control SSRIs withdrawal in cases, when gradual dosage reduction is ineffective, is to replace the drug you are taking with Prozac.
The effectiveness of this strategy is confirmed by numerous controlled clinical trials.
Several studies demonstrated that fluoxetine did not cause any increase in side effects when treatment was interrupted for a short time (4-8 days) and then resumed. The same study with sertraline (Zoloft) showed more side effects in case of treatment interruption compared to Prozac. In case of the same study with paroxetine, there were much more side effects observed.
Longer 6-week study of Prozac treatment interruption showed a slight increase of side effects in a group, where members have stopped taking fluoxetine, compared to a group, where members continued treatment. Nevertheless, people who discontinued treatment experienced a slight increase of drowsiness during the second week and increase of dizziness on 4-6 weeks. This long period of withdrawal symptoms and dizziness is connected to a long half-life of Fluoxetine in a body. According to a brief of recent medical studies, Prozac showed the lowest rate of withdrawal symptoms from all most popular antidepressants, including paroxetine and venlafaxine.
There have been reports of skin rash, anaphylactic reactions and progressive systemic disorders with a pathological process of skin, lungs, liver, kidneys during treatment with Prozac. Stop taking Prozac immediately, in case of skin rash or other possible allergic reactions development.
As in the case of other antidepressants, Prozac should be used with caution, if you have a history of epileptic seizures.
There were reports of hyponatremia during treatment with Prozac. Generally, such cases were observed in elderly people and in people treated with diuretics.
Some people with diabetes mellitus experienced hypoglycemia during Prozac treatment, and hyperglycemia after canceling the drug. People with diabetes may require adjustment of insulin dosages and/or take hypoglycemic medications at the beginning and after the end of treatment with Prozac.
Substances acting on mental activity can affect your ability to make decisions and your driving skills. It is recommended to avoid driving a car or working with potentially dangerous machines until it is determined, that there is no effect of the drug on your abilities to be involved in activities listed above.
In vitro and animal studies revealed no evidence of carcinogenicity.
Using Prozac in case of liver disorders
You should reduce Prozac dosage and frequency of its intake in case of liver disorders.
Where to buy Prozac?
You can buy Prozac online or at your local pharmacy. You need to have a valid prescription to get Prozac in physical pharmacy. However, you can order Prozac without prescription from an online pharmacy. You have to carefully choose among online pharmacies in order to avoid purchasing low-quality drugs. Buy Prozac online only from trusted vendors.
How much does Prozac cost?
Prozac price can fluctuate largely depending on a place, where are your going to purchase it. For example, Prozac street value may be rather different from Prozac cost at your nearby pharmacy. Price difference also depends whether you buy Prozac generic or Prozac brand drug. Generics are generally cheaper and you can sometimes buy generic Prozac without prescription. The main thing you should bear in mind is to order drugs only from trusted and reputable pharmacies.
What is Prozac generic name?
Many people are looking for cheap analogs of brand drugs in order to save some money. You can get some discount buying generic Prozac. A generic name for Prozac is Fluoxetine, the same as a name as its main active ingredient. Generics have the same pharmacological qualities as brand drugs. The only difference is their price. That is why purchasing Prozac generic would be a wise decision to save your money.
Reviews of Prozac note mostly positive effect after taking the drug for depression, anxiety, and other mental disorders. However, the treatment is rather long and requires monitoring of an attending physician.
Prozac reviews by people, who used the drug for weight loss, indicate on a drawback - significant list of side effects. Although, people note its effectiveness to reduce appetite.
There are some feedback examples, taken from health forums:
….I had a lot of work in past six months, and lack of time to have a rest. It was then followed by a period of apathy and fatigue, that it was impossible to work productively, I just could not do anything. The mood was always at zero. My doctor advised me to take Prozac. After a month of taking the drug, my mood slightly improved. Now I take these pills for the third month. Gradually the mood and everything else is getting better. I am pleased.....
….. I used to take antidepressants for a few months when there was a difficult period in my life. Yes, the state is really improved, and longing passed. But I started having persistent digestive disorders. I could not understand, what's the matter. After consulting with my doctor it turned out, Fluoxetine has a side effect, such as diarrhea. So I soon gave up the drug and switched to another........
…....I'm taking this antidepressant for the third month. Lethargy and apathy have passed. I am glad that I am a bit thinner! I read about this effect in medication label, but did not think that it's true! I am very pleased......
…..Taking fluoxetine for some time, I think it suits me. During the first week of taking Prozac I, began to notice a slight trembling of hands, as a side effect, I guess. But a month later it all passed. Prozac price is not so high, compared to others. So, I'm ok with this drug....
….I used to take these pills for a month, then I've dropped. I was always sleepy, could not focus on anything. I was afraid to drive. My doctor explained that the drug does not usually act this way, it's my individual reaction to the drug. Switched to another antidepressant......
Can you get high off Prozac?
Prozac is an SSRI antidepressant intended to treat anxiety and depression. Despite the fact, that some people report about euphoria they experienced after Prozac intake, these cases are very rare. Most people report in their feedbacks, that the drug helped them to improve their mood over time. Treatment with the drug usually takes at least a few weeks. That is why it is unlikely you can high on Prozac, even if you take a large dosage. Taking too much of the drug may be dangerous and lead to overdose.
Prozac and alcohol
Taking drugs, especially for mental disorders, together with alcohol may sometimes lead to unpredictable consequences. Alcohol cannot be combined with any medications because it can provoke an increase unpleasant side effects. It is extremely dangerous to drink alcohol while taking tranquilizers and antidepressants. Prozac and alcohol are incompatible as the drug increases the effects of alcohol, leading to tragic consequences.
Recommendations about simultaneous intake of Prozac and alcohol are contained in a package leaflet: You should refrain from drinking alcohol during treatment. Your doctor may consult you about taking Prozac and alcohol. Listen to his/her advice, because it is very dangerous to combine the drug with ethanol during treatment. Prozac and alcohol taken together increase symptoms of high serotonin concentration in blood, serotonin syndrome, expressed agitation, hypomania, confusion, delirium, shaking of a body, diarrhea, tachycardia, hypertension, fever, agitation, hypertonia, acute myocardial infarction, cardiorespiratory disorders (there are cases of death during sleep associated with obstruction of the respiratory system). Using Prozac together with alcohol are often a reason for respiratory center oppression, leading to respiratory arrest and death.
After 3 weeks of treatment with the drug and its cancellation, fluoxetine is still present in a body for 7-9 days. A constant concentration of drug in the blood is achieved after 28 days of regular use of Prozac. In case of continuous and long-term treatment of 1.5 months and more, the drug is withdrawn from a body only after 2-3 months. This means that Prozac can express its action throughout whole period specified, even after cancellation.
Prozac can be used in a treatment of complicated withdrawal syndrome for people suffering from alcohol addiction. Simultaneous use of fluoxetine and alcohol leads to complicated side effects, increases the central nervous system depression. These breaking mental functions develop toxic effects on a body (negatively affects the brain, there can be convulsions, disorientation, memory disorders). Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS), which is a complex neuropsychiatric and motor disorder, is often diagnosed in case of Prozac and alcohol are taken simultaneously.
NMS can be expressed by a single symptom or a complex of symptoms, which include increased body temperature, urination disorders, dystonia, tremor, severe spasms of skeletal muscles, kidney failure, neurogenic pulmonary edema, aspiration pneumonia, colitis, intestinal paralysis of muscles, respiratory failure. Clinical studies may reveal blood thickening, leukocytosis, hypercalcemia, elevated liver enzymes. In 20% of cases of NMS is fatal because of pulmonary embolism, respiratory distress syndrome, lung disorders, acute renal and heart failure, aspiration pneumonia.
It is difficult to diagnose CSN complex because there are no clear criteria. A set of symptoms is used for diagnosis, that can be triggered by neurological disorders, psychoses, drug intake. Diagnosis is carried out by exclusion.
It is a myth that alcohol and Prozac are compatible without negative consequences. That is why it is highly recommended to think about possible negative effects on your health before taking Prozac with alcohol.
Prozac for weight loss
Fluoxetine is best known for consumers under the brand name Prozac. Of cause, there are Prozac generics, which cost less but have the same pharmacological effect. The drug is mostly used to treat depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, alcoholism, improve mood and deal with self-injurious behavior.
Does Prozac really cause weight loss (reviews say about its high efficiency)? Still, it is a strong antidepressant, improper use of which can result in unpleasant consequences. It is absolutely unacceptable to take Prozac without consulting with your doctor. However, there are situations when taking this antidepressant helps people to become slimmer. Find out how to take Prozac for weight loss in this article.
How effective is Prozac for weight loss: reviews
First, you need to understand why a strong antidepressant is used for weight loss? Of course, many obese people suffer from depression, because of dissatisfaction with their appearance - this is a serious cause for a stress. But not all overweight man and women cry at night, looking at their reflection in the mirror. Most obese people have such problems since adolescence, if not childhood. And they have become accustomed to their appearance. They have developed an immunity to the ridicule of others, and they have learned to enjoy life in spite of extra weight.
The use of Prozac for weight loss is recommended not only because it helps to fight depression. Here are three main reasons, why the drug proved to be in demand among obese people:
- Fluoxetine suppresses appetite – the fact confirmed by numerous studies. Many people suffer from obesity due to immoderate appetite combined with a lack of self-control. In this situation, Prozac helps to cope with the problem of overeating. Therefore, it helps to lose weight. However, there are also people, who gained extra weight not due to overeating, but because of the wrong diet choice. And there is a majority of these people. Fat, junk food, even in small amount, leads to fat accumulation. And if you are an addict to junk food, cakes, and cola, Prozac is unable to help you.
- Fluoxetine activates nervous system. It provides a sense of an energy tide. You do not want to lie on a couch and do nothing, as it usually happens when you sit on a rigid diet. You are aiming to move and go somewhere. Of course, this can not have a positive impact on your weight loss process alone. Physical activity is a key to calories deficit. That is why Prozac helps you to be proactive for more physical activities throughout a day.
- Fluoxetine helps control your mood. All causeless sadness and nervous breakdowns provoke us to rash acts, leading to weight gain. Longing makes someone to pamper him or her with candy and hamburgers. And someone even drinks alcohol. By the way, alcohol abuse is one of the main causes of obesity. If you find it difficult to control yourself and not get bogged down for nothing, then using Prozac for weight loss is a good option. The less stress a person has, the less he or she wants to eat unhealthy food and drink in a bad mood.
How to take Prozac for weight loss?
Most of all, only a doctor can make a decision, if you need Prozac for weight loss or not. Depression is not just a buzzword, which is used when it comes to a bad mood. Everybody can say they are depressed, but in most ca,ses this is only an excuse for their laziness and unwillingness to change their lives for better. Clinical depression is a serious disease that requires complex treatment and having much more severe symptoms than periodic sadness and apathy.
The maximum dosage of Prozac is 80 mg a day. Usually, people with mental disorders take such dosage during treatment. A dosage of 40 mg a day is enough for gradual weight loss. Moreover, you should start taking 20mg of Prozac for weight loss a day. Duration of treatment is determined by your doctor. In any case, it is not recommended to take antidepressants more than a month. Otherwise, you will not be able to control your mood and behavior in future without taking this kind of medications.
Does Prozac cause weight gain?
Many people ask - does Prozac make you gain weight? Usually, most of SSRI antidepressant have a weight gain side effect for some people. Unfortunately, it is impossible to tell, if you are going to gain weight taking Prozac or not. It all depends on your individual reaction to your body.
Actually, the drug is considered to be an antidepressant, which is less likely causes weight gain. Moreover, many people take Prozac for weight loss. According to numerous reviews and feedbacks, this medication is rather effective to help people lose some weight. However, taking into an account that Prozac is a strong antidepressant, only a medical specialist can tell, whether treatment with Prozac will be appropriate for you, or not.